What is Leishmania, Leishmaniasis, types, causes, symptoms and treatment
Leishmania is a parasitic disease, which is caused by leishmania parasite. This parasite lives in the infected sand or mud.
One can contract the disease from the bite of infected sand fly.
The particular parasite lives in tropical and subtropical environments.
There are different types of leishmania
1) Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
2) Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis
3) Visceral Leishmaniasis
It is caused due to a protozoan parasite from leishmania species.This parasite lives and multiplies inside the female sand fly.Domestic animals like dogs, cat’s serves as a reservoir for this parasite.
Transmission occurs from animals to sand fly and then to humans.
Who is at risk for Leishmaniasis
This disease is found everywhere in the world except Australia and Antarctica.
It can more likely be found in
1) The Americas
2) Central Asian
3) Mediterranean basin
4) Middle East
10) South Sudan
Living in tropical areas is much risky for the disease.
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is the most common form of leishmania Skin ulcers are produced on skin, seen as a fly bite, it may get worse.
Usually symptoms for this type appears after 4 5 years of the disease.
Short breathes may occur.
Visceral Leishmaniasis is the most serious type of the disease. Usually after two to six months symptoms may appear, which includes
Antiphrastic drugs like amphotericin B may be helpful. Cutaneous ulcers can be treated with no treatment. Liposomal amphotericin B and paromomycin can treat mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis and visceral Leishmaniasis.